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People often refer to "clothing, food, housing, and transportation" and they rank first. Since ancient times, clothing and dress as the â€œsecond skinâ€ of human beings have not only the practical function of protecting the body, but also the most intuitive appearance of identifying social membership. Therefore, Chinese rulers of all generations have established a sound clothing system as an important part of maintaining the order of the ruling. The clothing prohibition is a fairly typical category in the ancient Chinese dress system. It is usually promulgated by the ruler in the form of edict. Its content covers social politics, economy and culture. From the perspective of the clothing prohibition, this paper attempts to reconstruct the ancient Chinese clothing life situation and discover more historical details that are rarely known. Not only can we see the development of the ancient dress culture, we can also bring more inspiration to our current life.
In today's society, under the temptation of huge gray interest, the counterfeit and inferior products on the market are more than prohibitively prone to flooding, and have even spawned many underground industrial chains from manufacturing to terminal sales, which seriously infringe on the legitimate rights and interests of consumers. The normal operation of the market order. The act of manufacturing and selling counterfeit and shoddy products has appeared in ancient China. This article will analyze ancient anti-counterfeiting methods through ancient dress prohibitions.
According to the records of "The History of the Old Five Dynasties, Hou Liang Taizu", after Liang Kaizu's four years (910), Zhu Wenxia said: "Quiet is in disorder, false pretences to be true, and both criminal code is incompetent. In the East and West, both Beijing and all state highways, fake rhinoceros, pearl belts, enamels, enamels, and colors must be used for sale. All of them are forbidden and must not be artificially created. The people in the state capital will be prosecuted and arrested, and the line will be broken."
The edict content is a punitive measure promulgated against counterfeiting. "Rhino, pearl belt, pipa, pipa" were very popular decorations at the time. â€œRhythmâ€ refers to rhinoceros horns and jades. As early as at the time of Yin Shang, there was a record of â€œCrystal of the Rhinoceros,â€ which was later used in the production of hair accessories and gradually became popular in the Tang Dynasty. Dunhuang songs had The image description of "Rhythm is full of flowers". â€œPearlâ€ is the pearl. During the Tang and Five Dynasties period, the belt was a symbol of status. Its role in decorating and identifying identity was more important than the actual function of tied clothing. The material of the belt is also varied. There are various materials such as jade belts and gold and silver belts. Belts made of pearls are rare in literature and unearthed objects. However, from the historical data of this section, the pearl belt has become the then The popularity of fake counterfeiters is evident. â€œç’§â€ is a jade accessory, and â€œç¥â€ is a beaded jade earring. Both were fashionable accessories at the time.
The reason why so many counterfeit goods were manufactured was inextricably linked with the rapid development of the handicraft industry at that time. Due to the large increase in demand, not only the number of employees has increased, the geographical distribution has been broadened, and the professional division of labor has also become more detailed. At the same time, the manufacturing process has also greatly improved. The application of new operating technologies is provided for officials and private shops that produce goods normally. At the same time, it also facilitates the rapid expansion of the scale of fraud. What kind of punishment was adopted by the ancient rulers in response to the social phenomenon of fraud? According to Taizu after the Liang Dynasty, the existing prohibited items of public or private individuals need to be handed over to local officials and be destroyed in person. However, if there are intentional violations after the prosecution of the prosecution, even a capital punishment will be imposed.
However, even if the ban is severe, it will not be able to reverse the social phenomenon that was falsified at the time. The book "Management Yuan Turtles" is recorded. According to the ban was issued less than half a year apart, "it is when the two families are ashamed, will falsely fake rhinoceros, although strict orders can not be prohibited." After the promulgation of the ban, it could not be implemented effectively and quickly, or when it was promulgated, it was effective but it could not form a long-term mechanism. As a result, the rulers had to go down many times. Such phenomena are quite common in ancient Chinese clothing prohibitions. On the one hand, the prohibitions were issued when the emperor took over the initial government. The unstable foundation of the regime led to weak supervision and punishment; on the other hand, the consumer demand for luxury clothing and accessories Sustained growth is also the main reason why the prohibition has been repeatedly broken through.
In contrast, in the antiques collection market today, a large number of counterfeit goods are adorned with genuine clothes. At present, the sanctions against fraudulent profiteers and the protection of purchaser's rights and interests still have a big gap in terms of laws and regulations, and they can't even make the decision of Liang Taizu's â€œmust become a pole lawâ€. Therefore, whether in ancient or modern times, the market's supervision and the counterfeiting and sale of fake links, on the one hand we must establish and improve the corresponding legal norms, increase punishment; on the other hand, the entire community needs concerted operations to reshape the moral integrity system We will strive to promote a healthy cycle of consumption and avoid repeating the mistakes of history.
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